• Uttar Pradesh Tourist Attractions
Overview

Uttar Pradesh is situated in the northern part of India and it has the distinction of being the fifth largest state of India. Uttar Pradesh is a land of cultural and geographical diversity, blessed by innumerable tranquil expanses of meadows, perennial rivers, dense forests, fertile soil, plays a very important role in the politics, education, culture, industry, agriculture and Tourism of India. It is the largest populous state of India, a land replete with tales of ages gone by, of tales about Lord Rama and his kingdom of Ayodhya, of the Buddha and his teachings, of the Mughals and their art, culture and exquisite architecture, and of the British and the First War of Indian Independence in 1857.

Uttar Pradesh, a place of gods and goddesses has a glorious history. It is the land of Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Mahavir, Ashoka, Akbar, Harsha and Mahatma Gandhi. It is a land dotted with countless shrines and pilgrimages which hold a special significance in the lives of the Indian people is guarded by the majestic Himalayas in the north, garlanded by Ganga and Yamuna. Throughout the lengths of the Ganga and the Yamuna right from their sources down to their majestic deltas, the land abounds with beautiful spots and pilgrim centres. While the north consists of high mountain ranges nurturing beautiful hill resorts and some of Hinduism’s holiest shrines, the Great Gangetic Basin or the Indo-Gangetic Plain is one of the most fertile and over-populated areas of the world.
Agra, Allahabad, Fatehpur Sikri, Gangotri, Garhwal, Harsil, Haridwar, Kausani, Hemkund Sahib, Jaunpur, Jhansi, Kalinjar, Kanpur, Kapilvastu, Kedarnath, Lucknow, Varanasi form some of the main cities of Uttar Pradesh. The main attractions of the city include the most popular monument, Taj Mahal located in Agra. You can also visit places like the Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri and Sikandra which are popular tourist spots in Uttar Pradesh.

Uttar Pradesh is a holy place for the people of all religions, as it boasts of many sacred pilgrimage centers representing various religions and sects. Apart from being one most sacred and age old pilgrimage destination of Hindus, Uttar Pardesh also possesses several most respected pilgrimages of Muslims, Buddhists and Jains. The pilgrimage cities of Uttar Pradesh such as Varanasi, Mathura, Vrindavan will pacify and mollify your inner self and make your pilgrimage tour completely soothing and ethereal. The state of Uttar Pradesh is home to many hill stations like Nainital and Mussoorie which is a haven to escape to, from the dreariness of everyday urban life.

Uttar Pradesh is known to be shoppers delight. No where in India you get a range of products on offering as in Uttar Pradesh. Almost each and every town of Uttar Pradesh has something or other for you to offer because the state has a rich art and tradition of handicrafts, which make the popular items for shopping in Uttar Pradesh.

Destinations To Visit In Uttar Pradesh
Visit Places on Interest during the tour: 

Agra Major Attractions
Taj Mahal
Built over a period of 22 years (1631 - 1653) at an estimated amount 35 million rupees, the Taj Mahal is listed among the seven wonders of the world. Ustad Isa Khan, the chief architect, supervised the construction of this amazing monument, employing about 20,000 artisans and workers, under the orders of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Inside this beautiful monument lie the crypts of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal, side by side with their heads facing in the direction of the holy city of Mecca. The Taj and the crypts are intricately decorated with carvings, inscriptions, jali work etc., which, at one point of time, were studded with semi-precious stones and gems. It was built by Shah Jahan in memory of his loving wife Mumtaz Mahal, whose unparalleled beauty was the inspiration behind its construction.
Inspired by the Persian, Indian and Turkish styles of architecture, the Taj Mahal is considered as the finest specimen of the Mughal style of architecture. Its rounded dome, the lotus design carved at the top of the dome, a bronze spire on the top of the dome, and four minarets in each corner make the Taj a unique blend of Hindu as well as Persian architecture. The beautifully maintained Taj Mahal gardens add even more splendor and beauty to the monument.

Agra Fort
Listed as one of the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO, Agra Fort is a marvellous set of monuments. Widely known as the Red Fort of Agra or Fort Rouge because of the generous use of red sandstone, the monument displays stunning and royal Mughal architecture. The Taj Mahal is located about two km from the Agra Fort on the banks of River Yamuna. Founded as a military establishment by Akbar in 1565, the fort is a grand and tall architectural structure belonging to the typical Mughal style. It was completed in the year 1571. Built over an area of 2.5 km, the fort has two main gates- the Delhi Gate and the Amar Singh Gate. Entry is permitted only through the Amar Singh Gate.

The major structures inside the Agra Fort are:
Diwan-e-Khas: Private meeting hall for private audience like kings and other higher dignitaries. Constructed by Shahjahan in 1636-1637.

Diwan-e-Am: Public meeting hall, used as a communication ground between the public and the emperor, with the emperor seated on the Peacock Throne.

Sheesh Mahal: 'Glass Palace'- the royal dressing room adorned with mirror-like glass-mosaic decorations on the walls.

The Anguri Bagh: Lush grape gardens.

Khas Mahal: A marvellous white marble palace overlooking the specially laid Angoori Bagh, constructed by Shah Jahan.

Mina Masjid: Literally translates to 'Heavenly Mosque'. Open to public as well.

Nagina Masjid: Literally meaning 'Gem Mosque', this mosque was meant only for the royal ladies.

Musamman Burj: A large, octagonal tower where Nurjahan (Jahangir's Queen) and Mumtaz Mahal (Shahjahan's Queen) lived. It had a balcony facing the Taj Mahal.

Sikandra
Visit the peaceful resting place of Akbar to have a glimpse of the royal, lively and memorable life of Akbar the Great. 10 km north of Agra lies the city of Sikandra, which is popular for the Sikandra Tomb. This tomb of the great Mughal Emperor Akbar was constructed by the Emperor himself. It is known for its unique architectuiral style, which is supposed to be influenced by Hindu, Christian, Islamic, Buddhist and Jain patterns. After the death of Akbar, the construction was completed by his son Jehangir in 1613. It got its name from the Afghan general Sikandar Lodhi who occupied Agra in the year 1492 A.D.
The building is of five storeys, four of which are made of red stone and the fifth is built out of white marble. Built in the Indo-Saracenic architectural style, the 100 feet high monument has four minarets each containing a flight of 93 stairs. One can enter the monument through the Buland Darwaza, the towering main gate that opens on the southern side. Akbar's tomb is situated in the basement, close to the tomb of Mariam Zamani, Jehangir’ mother. The words - Allah-o-Akbar (God is Great) and the name of the deities of 99 religious sects is inscribedd on the walls of the tomb.

Itmad-ud-daula
An excellent example of marble decor and naqqashi, the tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula is world famous for the fine inlay works and the carvings. The tomb is a tribute to Mirza Ghiyas, who received the title of Itmad-ud-Daula (Pillar of the Empire), from his daughter Nurjahan (the queen of Jehangir). Built in 1628, Itmad- Ud – Daula is known as the "Baby Taj". The tower boasts of being the first tower in India made entirely of white marble. The main chamber was decorated with semi-precious stones on the mosaics. The mausoleum is close to the Yamuna River and is surrounded by a vast garden. Like almost all other Mughal architectures, Itmad-Ud-Daula also has four small minarets at the four corners of the main structure.

Krishna Janambhoomi

Shree Krishna Janambhoomi is the most revered holy place in Mathura. As the name suggests, it is a temple with an extensive complex on the site where Lord Krishna was born in the cell of a prison. One can find several big and small temples erected inside the complex. The temple is famous for beautiful pictures of the child Krishna. The stories of Krishna's birth and his childhood are written and illustrated on the walls. The modern temple that stands on the site was made by the industrialist G.D. Birla in 1962. The temple is open from 7 am to 8 pm.


Kusum Sarovar

The entire site of the Kusum Sarovar is surrounded by the trees of Kadamb (the favorite tree of Lord Krishna). This 450 feet long and 60 feet deep tank is made amidst a number of Ashrams and Temples. This site is believed to be the place where Gopis or milkmaids used to pick flowers for lord Krishna. The flights of stairs from each side take you to the upper platform. The stairs, platform, and the artistic boundary belongs to the era of Lord Krishna.


Kusum Sarovar is located about a half hour's walk from another famous tank named Radha Kunj. The place is worth visiting because of the unique architectural beauty and its peace and serenity. The main walls have beautifully carved chhatris that are decorated with frescos depicting darbar, hunting scenes, royal processions and wars. Kusum Sarovar is considered the best swimming spot in the Braj region. Evening Aarti is another attraction of the place that is attended by hundreds of devotees.

Varanasi Attractions

Banarasi Carpets (Shopping Attraction)

About 90 percent of the entire carpet work of India comes from Uttar Pradesh. The Varanasi-Bhadohi-Mirzapur belt is popular fro producing the maximum number of carpets in the country. The unmatched Banarasi carpets are famous for their excellent quality, unique designs, wide variety, and reasonable prices. There are numerous families in Varanasi and the nearby villages that have been handling the carpet business for decades. This Varanasi-Bhadohi-Mirzapur belt is known for traditionalIndian woolen carpets and Durries. In fact, Varanasi is one of the leading carpet exporters of India. One can find traditional as well as stylish carpets at very reasonable prices here. Hand tufted carpets, Indo-Tibetan carpets, and low, medium and high knotted carpets form another specialty in the carpet segment in Varanasi.


Banarasi Sarees (Shopping Attraction)

The craze and passion of Banarasi Sarees is ageless. The Banarasi fabric has been known for its wonderful and graceful designs for centuries. The Banarasi sarees gained popularity during the Mughal era. Initially these sarees were made for the Nawab Begums and the Maharanis. These royal sarees were made of chiffon, georgette, silk and cotton. Today, weaving Banarasi silk sarees is a functional art of India, which has been going on for centuries. Generally, the Banarasi sarees take around 15 days to one month and sometimes six months to complete. It all depends on the intricacy of designs and patterns to be created on the saree.

Varanasi is one of the most famous handloom centers in the entire world and is known for the most popular and beautiful sarees in India. The sarees are woven with pure silk threads in beautiful colour combination. Several sarees are woven with two threads of different colours to provide shades to the saree under different lights. The local manufacturers use various kinds of silk like Jandhuri, Banaks, Mukta and Sandal to make such extraordinary sarees. One can observe a variety of Pure Silk Sarees (Katan), Organza Sarees (Kora) with zari and silk, Georgette Sarees, and Shattir Sarees while shopping in Varanasi.


Bharat Mata Mandir

This novel temple at Varanasi is the only temple dedicated to Mother India. The Bharat Mata temple is unique in terms of its architecture and design. The temple was constructed in 1936 with a motive to maintain unity and brotherhood for freedom fighters. Nationalists Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta and Shri Durga Prasad Khatri made efforts for the construction of this temple. Inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi, this temple lies about 3 kilometres west of Godaulia, outside the old city.

The major feature of the temple is the relief map of India carved in white marble occupying the central place instead of a God or Goddess.  It is a three dimensional model of undivided India with mountains, plains, and oceans all to the right scale. Besides, the overall construction is unique in itself. The temple is erected on 5 different pillars that signify the 5 basic elements of creation namely the earth, wind, fire, water and the sky.

Banaras Hindu University

Banaras Hindu University is one of the supreme centers of learning in India with a sprawling campus spread over 1300 acres of land, constituting of 3 institutes, 14 faculties spread across 124 departments, 4 inter-disciplinary centres and 3 constituent schools. This largest university of Asia was founded in the year 1916-1917 by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, the great nationalist leader. Even Dr. Annie Besant played a significant role in the establishment of BHU. This internationally reputed university also has an engineering institute, a medical college and about 55 hostels for the students. This University has around 2000 teachers besides 5000 non-teaching staff.


It has produced many Nation builders, great freedom fighters, celebrated scholars, scientists and artists. Coming to the structure and features of the university, Bharat Kala Bhavan, the museum of the university, is a nice place to visit. The roads are well maintained and there is extensive greenery within the premises of this university. Apart from all the facilities of extra-curricular activities, sports etc., the other architectural delights at BHU are a temple and an airstrip.


Durga Temple

This 18th century shrine, also known as Brahmacharini Durga Temple, is devoted to Goddess Durga. This beautiful temple depicts old Hindu architecture with perfect location, according to Vastu Shastra, near the Durga Ghat (Durga Kund) on the banks of the holy river Ganges. Built by a Bengali Maharani in typical Nagara style, the temple's uniqueness lies in its 'Shikhara' that is constructed by placing one spire on another. Its Nagara style architecture offers a spiritual ambience to the environment. The temple and the main courtyard area is open to all, but only Hindus can enter the inner sanctum. Durga is the 'terrible' form of Shiva's consort Parvati. Therefore goats are often sacrificed on festive occasions to please her.


Kashi Vishwanath Temple

The most famous temple of the city of Varanasi, Kashi Vishwanath is praised for one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. ThisVishweshwara Jyotirlinga has been visited by all the great saints including Adi Shankaracharya, Ramkrishna Paramhansa, Swami Vivekanand, Goswami Tulsidas, Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati, Gurunanak and several other spiritual personalities. Built by Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar of Indore in the year 1780, Kashi Vishwanath Temple is the most sacred and famous temple in Varanasi.

Two domes of the temple were plated with gold by Punjab Kesari Maharaja Ranjeet Singh, in 1839. Later the Ministry of culture & Religious affairs of U.P. Government took keen interest in plating the third dome with gold as well. It is said that Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore also donated about 800 km gold for plating the towers and constructing the 16 metres high spire (shikhara) of the temple. The beautiful shrine of Lord Shiva is also surrounded by a silver wall.


Ramnagar Fort

This splendid fort is a wonderful piece of Hindu architecture. It was earlier the residential palace of the Maharajas of Banaras. This medieval period fort was established by Maharaja Balwant Singh. The fort is built in red sandstone and lies about 14 km from Varanasi. This ancient fort is visited for attractions like the in-house temple (dedicated to Ved Vyasa, who wrote the Mahabharata, the great Indian epic) and the museum that displays the Royal collection of vintage cars, Royal palkies, armory of swords and old guns, ivory work and antique clocks. In the fort, is a huge clock that not only displays the year, month, week and day but also the astronomical facts about the moon, the sun and the constellation of stars.


The Durbar Hall (the hall of public audience) ia another attraction of the Ramnagar Fort. The fort is made up of precious stones and glossy marbles that provide it with an eye catching appearance. It hosts the festival of Dussehra and the fair of Ramlilaalong with a Royal Jhanki Yatra.


Sankat Mochan Temple

The Sanskrit word 'Sankat Mochan' literally means 'deliverer from troubles'. The presiding deity of the Sankat Mochan Temple isLord Hanuman. This temple is believed to have been founded by Tulsidas, the legendary author of 'Shri Ramcharitmanas'. This ancient shrine is located on the Durga Kund Road. Tuesdays and Saturdays are considered auspicious days to worship here. In the month of April, the temple organises the Sankat Mochan Music Festival to celebrate the birth of Lord Hanuman. The festival draws devotees and artists from all over the country. People offer "Sindoor" (vermilion) and "Laddoos" to Lord Hanuman and recite the prayers of "Hanuman Chalisa" and "Sundar Kand".

Apart from this, special prayers are also held on the holy occasion of 'Kartik Krishna Chaturdashi' according to the Hindu calender. Another major celebration is the annual festival on the full moon night of the month of 'Chaitra', which is also known as Hanuman Jayanti.


River Ganges/Boat Ride And Aarti

A boat ride in the river Ganga at Varanasi is truly a relaxing. A peaceful boat ride can be enjoyed on a motor boat as well as arow boat. One can choose any kind of Varanasi Ghats Vacation Tours at reasonable prices. The real pleasure of a boat ride at Varanasi is when you start off in the early morning. There are several boatmen who wait for customers at the ghats. You need to bargain with them over prices. Watching a sunrise over the horizon while enjoying a boat ride, on still and calm waters is simple an out of the world experience.


Ganga aartis are another major attraction on the Ganga Ghats. The popular Dashashwamedh Ghat draws hundreds of devotees for the evening aarti. This ghat witnesses a heavy crowd on Wednesdays. The Ganga aarti is a regular feature and is performed daily and attended by thousands of devotees. You can have a wonderful view of the daily evening aarti at the Dashashwamedh Ghat. The priests stand on a wooden chauki in the water and chant Sanskrit mantras along with the loud music of cymbals and drums. The aarti is performed with flowers, incense, sandalwood, milk and vermilion. Apart from this, you can join any of the five daily aartis at Vishwanath Temple.


Tulsi Manas Temple

Tulsi Manas Temple is situated at the place where Tulsidas, the great medieval seer, lived and wrote the epic "Shri Ramcharitmanas". Built in 1964 by a philanthropist family, the temple is dedicated to Lord Rama. 150 metre south of the Durga Temple, lies this modern marble shikhara style Tulsi Manas Temple. Even non-Hindus are permitted to enter the temple. One can see several shlokas, verses and scenes from the 'Ram Charit Manas' (the Hindi version of the Ramayana) engraved on the walls of the temple. Tulsi Manas Temple is a perfect example of the rich culture, tradition and religious aspect of the Hindus in Varanasi.

Ashoka Pillar- It is the national emblem of India and depicts the wonderful art patternS of Ashoka's period. The inscription on the pillar reads, "No one shall cause division in the order of monks". The Ashoka Pillar consists of a canopy representing an inverted bell-shaped lotus flower, a short cylindrical abacus with four 24-spoked Dharma wheel with four animals (an elephant, a bull, a horse, a lion).


Dhamekha Stupa- Built around 500 A.D., the stupa is the most impressive structure in Sarnath. The stupa is 31.3 m high and 28.3 m in diameter and is covered completely with beautifully carved stones. The devotees can be seen chanting the mantra 'Om mani padme hum' and circumambulating the stupa. The stupa is believed to be built to earmark the Dharmachakra-pravartana to five ascetics.


Chaukhandi- This ancient Buddhist monument was built to mark the meeting of Lord Buddha with his five companions. Later an octagonal tower was added to the structure to celebrate the arrival of Emperor Akbar to the city in 1588.


The Digambar Jain temple - Sarnath is also a holy place for the Jain community. The temple is associated withShreyanshnath, a Jain Tirthankar and dedicated to Lord Mahavira. One can see several paintings and sculptures depicting the life of Lord Mahavira in this temple.


Mulagandhakuti Vihara Monastery- This is a modern Buddhist temple built in 1931, by the Mahabodhi society. The temple claims to have Buddha's real antiques and evidences. Along with a rare collection of the Buddhist literature, the temple is famous for extraordinary mural paintings depicting the story of Buddha's life. These murals were painted by a well-known Japanese artist, Kosetsu Nosu, in 1936.


Bara Imambara

Visit the last puritan Indo-Islamic architecture that does not incorporate any European elements such as use of iron and spires even. Bara Imambara is known for its historical, cultural and heritage importance. Built in the year 1784 by Nawab Asaf ud Daula, the Bara Imambara is known for its simplicity of style, sheer proportion and symmetry. Like the Chota Imambara and the popular Rumi Darwaza, this monument (also known as Asafai Imambara) was also built under the 'Food For Work'program, initiated by Nawab Asad-ud-Daula. The objective behind constructing this monument was to provide employment to the people who were affected by persistent famines.


Being the world’s largest arched room without any pillars, it is 162 feet long, 53 feet broad, and 50 feet high, and apart from the galleries in the interior, there is no woodwork anywhere. The Nawabs used to hold public hearings here. One can see the large Asfi mosque, and the series of artfully designed labyrinths (bhool-bhulaiya) where it is very easy to get lost. The summer palace with running water is another attraction at Bara Imambara.


Chota Imambara

Chhota Imambara or Husseinabad Imambara is often called 'The Palace of Light' in British History Chronicles because it was heavily decorated during festivals. Located in the Old City area of Lucknow, the monument is again a marvellous piece of architecture and art work by the then Nawab of Awadh named Muhammad Ali Shah. This was also constructed under the 'Food for Work' program for the people who were hit by persistent famines. This landmark was completed in the year 1837 on the Charbagh pattern with a stream running through the middle of the garden. Apart from the extraordinary Indo-Islamic architecture, the interiors with lovely Arabic calligraphy and glasswork is another attractions. The Imambara has the tombs of Muhammad Ali Shah and other members of his family.


Lucknow Museum

Lucknow Museum is a complete package of thrill, adventure and surprise. Situated at Banarasi Bagh area in a modern three-storied building, the museum is known for the rarest collection of sculptures, bronzes, paintings, natural history and anthropological specimens, coins, textiles and decorative arts. One can find sculptures of the earliest images of Balarama as well as a Panch-Mukhi Shiv Lingam in the museum. It also displays an antique collection of coins from the Indus Valley Civilization era to that of the present day. The most surprising element of the museum is an Egyptian Mummy and thepistol of Chandrashekhar Azad, a famous freedom fighter. The place boasts of having numerous works of art that are of historical importance.


Lucknow Chikankari (Shopping Attraction)

Appreciated all over the world for their rich embroidery patterns, Chikankari is confined to the city of Lucknow. This specialty of Lucknow  is actually a very complex and delicate form of embroidery that primarily uses muslin clothes. 'Chikankari' is basically a Persian word that means muslin wrought with needlework. The designs in Chikankari seem to be influenced by the Mughal art. The art of Chikankari started during the rule of the Avadh Nawabs as they were the trend setters. The art remained confined only to them for a long time but with the emergence of the British empire this art was made available to the masses. Light Chikan Sarees and white Chikan Kurtas are considered to be the best wear for women and men respectively in summers in north Indian regions. Chikanwork makes Lucknow one of the major shopping hubs in India.


Rumi Darwaza

This gateway is another marvellous piece of architecture by  Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula constructed in 1784. Also known as theTurkish Gateway, the Rumi Darwaza is an extraordinary example of Avadh architecture and is unmatched in the whole world. The gateway lies in the northwest direction of Bara Imambara and leads to the outer section of the same. This brilliant structure was built as a relief work during the famine of 1783 under the programme of 'Food For Work', initiated by the Nawab. Asaf-ud-Daula built a number of historical monuments during his empire. This grand gateway is about 60 feet high and its uppermost part consists of a cenotaph that can be approached by a staircase.


Shah Najaf Imambara

Shah Najaf Imambara is a wonderful piece of architecture, located on the right bank of River Gomti. This white-domed structure was constructed by Nawab Ghazi-ud-Din Haider to serve as his mausoleum. The remains of Ghazi-ud-din Haider and his wives are buried here. There is a beautiful vast garden at the entry that leads to the silver tomb of Ghazi-ud-din Haider. Haider, the most valiant warrior and the greatest intellectual of Islam, was the son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad. His original name was Maula Ali. Due to his valiant efforts in protecting the nascent Islam, he was bestowed with the title of Haider-e-Khuda or "Lion of Allah". During his caliphate, he established his government in Najaf, a town in Iraq. That is why, he is often called Shah Najaf or the King of Najaf. Shah Najaf Imambara of Lucknow is dedicated to him.


The Residency

The Residency, a major historical monument, was the mansion of East India Company's agent in Avadh during the Sepoy Mutiny. It was actually constructed to serve as the residence of the British Resident General, who was a representative in the court of the Nawab. The Residency is a group of buildings that were built in 1800 A.D. by the Nawab of Avadh, Nawab Saadat Ali Khan. The ruins of the Lucknow Residency give a clear picture of the British rule in India. The year 1857, known for the First War of Indian Independence, saw the Sepoy Mutiny across the whole country. During the incident, almost all the Europeans who resided in the city of Awadh took shelter in Residency. About 3500 people, in the Residency, faced a siege of 140 days before they were rescued by British troops.

Jhansi Fort

A major stronghold during the Sepoy mutiny of 1857, this majestic fort was built by Raja Bir Singh Ji Deo, in 1613. The fort was transferred to the maharaja of Scindia in 1858, but later exchanged for Gwalior in 1866. Being located on a rocky hill, it offers wonderful views of the city. This huge fort, with ten gates, was built in order to act as an army stronghold and garrison but was later modified into residential quarters. The fort also has a museum, which is known for a wonderful collection of sculptures and provides an excellent insight into the lively history of Bundelkhand. A statue of the queen (Lakshmi Bai) is also installed on the way to the fort.


Jhansi Museum

Jhansi Museum or the Government Museum is popular for an interesting collection of prehistoric tools and literature. It is broadly divided into four galleries that comprise of terracottas dating from the 4th century BC, sculptures, costumes, weapons from the Chandela dynasty, arms, manuscripts, paintings and coins of gold, silver and copper. The Jhansi museum is located in the Jhansi Fort itself. The museum gives a deep insight into the Chandela dynasty. One can also see a separate picture gallery dedicated to the Gupta Kings, which is the major highlight of this museum.


Rani Mahal

This 18th century structure was once the palace of Rani Lakshmi Bai. Refurbished as a museum, it contains hundreds ofsculptures dating back to the 9th and12th century. The Rani Mahal is basically a double storied structure with flat roofs, arched chambers and open courtyards. The second floor has a huge Durbar Hall that features an original painted wood-paneled ceiling. It has a total of six grand halls with parallel verandas. The most exciting feature of the palace lies in its multi-colored paintingson the walls and ceilings. Rani Mahal has been witness to the Great Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. It was the place where Lakshmi Bai made plans with Tantya Tope and Nana Sahib to overcome the colonial rule.


Each place and monument of the city reminds one of the bloodbath of 1857. The city is well connected to all the major cities of India via National Highways 25, 26 and 3.


Buland Darwaza

Famous for its Quranic inscriptions, this 15-storey high gateway (the largest in the world) guards the north-eastern entrance of Fatehpur Sikri. Built in 1601 A.D. by Akbar, the Buland Darwaza commemorates his victory over Gujarat. Situated on a hilltop, the imposing Buland Darwaza forms the gateway to the famous Jama Masjid. With a height of 40.84 metre and a flight of 42 steps, this semi octagonal structure is built of red sandstone and white marble. Along with calligraphic inscriptions from the Quran, it has an inscription of a saying by Jesus. The grand Bulland darwaza has an arch that resembles the pattern of Jama Masjid. With a unique architectural beauty, the Bulland Darwza is known as the most interesting structure in Fatehpur Sikri.


Panch Mahal

The rich heritage of India and the endeavor of the charismatic Mughals can be explored at the majestic Panch Mahal. Built on the pattern of a Buddhist Temple, this five storied airy sandstone palace is located within the fort complex of Fatehpur Sikri. Popular as the highest point in Fatehpur Sikri, the palace was built by Akbar for his pleasure and relaxation. The whole structure stands on 56 columns, located on the ground floor. Standing on the western line of the courtyard, it offers a splendid view of the western part of Fatehpur Sikri including the Buland Darwaza. Another major attraction at the Panch Mahal is a beautiful pool called the Anoop Talao. The dome at the top of the palace provides a Mughal feel to the structure.


Salim Chisti Tomb

One of the most revered mausoleums in India, the Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti is one of the excellent pieces of white marble work in India. The tomb is a tribute to the great Sufi saint, Sheikh Salim Chisti, who blessed emperor Akbar with a son (Jahangir Jahandar). Built in 1570, the tomb is a marvellous piece of architecture made of red sandstone and marble. Its four carved pillars and floral designs resemble the Gujarati style of architecture. Unparalleled Naqqashi, Jaali work and decoration withpearls, lapis and topaz in this low-domed tomb make it an extraordinary piece of art work for the tourists and devotees belonging to any religion. The names of Prophet Mohammad and the four Caliphs of Islam are inscribed around the arched entrance.


The city of Fatehpur Sikri is listed among UNESCO World Heritage Sites because of all these wonderful monuments and excellent architecture. Tourists from all over India and the world visit these places to explore the true Indian heritage and culture.

Alfred Park

Marked by the huge statues of George V, Queen Victoria and Chandra Shekhar Azad, the famous Alfred Park is the largest park in Allahabad. Located behind Allahabad Museum, the park is also called Chandra Shekhar Azad Park and has a historical significance as well. It was the same place where the famous encounter between the British police and Chandra Shekhar Azad took place. Another important highlight of the park are the Madan Mohan Malviya Stadium and a public library, with over 75,000 books and valuable manuscripts. Earlier the park was used to commemorate the visit of Prince Alfred, the Duke of Edinburgh, to Allahabad and also as a site for the official ceremonies of the British.


Allahabad Fort

The largest of Akbar's forts, the Allahabad Fort is situated on the northern banks of the Yamuna, near Triveni, the confluence. This fort was built by the great Moghul king Akbar in 1583. Being located near the Yamuna, the fort is best viewed from the river side. The fort is popular for the extraordinary fusion of Hindu and Islamic architectural patterns. The major attractions inside the fort are the Patalpur temple, Jodhabai Mahal and the Ashoka Pillar. The Ashoka pillar was built by the great king Ashoka during his reign and  has stood in the courtyard for centuries. A huge well, Saraswathi Koop, also lies in the fort and is believed to be the origin of the river Saraswati. Magnificient galleries, medieval Indian art, marvellous architecture and craftsmanship make the Allahabad Fort a tourist's delight. Presently, only a few parts of the fort are open to visitors. The rest of the fort is used by the Indian Army.


Allahabad Museum

Established in 1931, the Allahabad Museum was inaugurated in the year 1947 by the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The museum is known for the rarest collection of Maurya, Sunga, Gupta, late Gupta and early medieval period sculptural masterpieces, coins, paintings, and other antiques. One can find a diverse collection of idols and paintings of different religions in the museum. Its 18 huge galleries comprise of natural history exhibits, archeological findings, art gallery and artifacts donated by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The prehistoric and Indus Valley antiquities, textiles, terracotta, stone sculpture, weapons, bronzes, seals, miniature paintings, Buddhist thangkas and medieval land grants are amongst the major attractions of the museum. The museum is open between 10:30 am and 5 pm everyday except Mondays and central government holidays.


Allahabad University

Located in the heart of the city, Allahabad University was established in 1887. It also boasts of being the fourth oldest university of India after Calcutta, Mumbai and Madras universities. The university offers all sorts of courses related to Arts, Commerce, Law, Science etc. It started offering Correspondence Courses and Continuing Education in 1978. In 2004, a Bill was introduced in Parliament, proposing recognition of the University as an 'Institution of National Importance', and to restore the Central character of the University. Both Houses of the Parliament duly passed "The University of Allahabad Act, 2005" in May 2005. 
Comprising of a huge campus, red-bricked buildings, a rich library (with more than 1,50,000 volumes in total), an open theatre etc., the Allahabad University holds great importance all over India.


Anand Bhawan

Built in a typical Victorian style, Anand Bhawan was the ancestral home of the Nehru–Gandhi family. Established by the great political leader Shri Motilal Nehru in the 19th century, the building was donated to the Government of India by the “Iron Lady of India”, Indira Gandhi (Motilal Nehru's grand-daughter) in 1970. The building was later converted into a museum housing the memorabilia of the Nehru–Gandhi family. The bedrooms and study rooms of Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, and Mahatma Gandhi are also on display. This two-storeyed building also exhibits personal items of Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi and her sons Sanjay Gandhi and Rajeev Gandhi. Anand Bhawan (meaning 'The Abode of Happiness') is open between 9:30 am and 5 pm except Mondays and central government holidays.


IIIT Allahabad

Ranked 8th among the top ten Engineering Institutes of India, the Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Allahabad, was established in 1999 by the Government of India. Located on the outskirts of the city, at Jhalwa over 100 acres of land, IIIT offers excellent courses in Information Technology and Cyber Law at Graduate and Post-Graduate levels. The institute is designed according to the Penrose Geometric Architectural Pattern. Video  conferencing facility is also available for networking with leading institutions in India and overseas. Another attractive initiative taken by the institute is the campus-based Gyan Vani, which broadcasts educational programms.


Khusro Bagh

Holding a great historical significance, the Khusro Bagh is dedicated to Prince Khusro, the son of Jahangir. This beautiful Mughal Garden is located on the G T Road near Allahabad Junction Railway Station. It is the place where Prince Khusro was murdered by his brother Shah Jahan. Prince Khusro was first imprisoned within the garden after he rebelled against Jahangir, and later killed in 1622 by Prince Khurram (Shah Jahan). The garden has a tomb of Prince Khusro along with the tombs of his sister (Nithar Begam) and mother (Shah Begam).


Minto Park

Minto Park is located near the Saraswati Ghat near Yamuna river. It lies west of the Allahabad Fort and is also called Madan Mohan Malavya Park. The foundation of the park was laid by the British officer Lord Minto in 1910. It was from here that Lord Canning read out Queen Victoria’s Proclamation in 1858, and the power from East India Company was transferred to Queen Victoria. Another major attraction of this lush green park is a white memorial statue mounted on four lions.


Sangam

The word 'Sangam' literally means confluence. The Triveni Sangam at Allahabad is the place of confluence of three of the holiest rivers of the Hindu mythology, the holy Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati. Being the most sacred place in Allahabad, Sangam witnesses millions of Hindus from all over India, offering prayers and taking a dip in the holy waters. According to Hindu mythologies, Sangam is the place where drops of Nectar fell from a pitcher from the hands of the Gods. Therefore, it is believed that a holy dip taken at the Sangam washes away all the sins. The major attractions at Sangam are the Ardh-Kumbh and Maha-Kumbh fairs that are held every 6 and 12 years respectively. The kumbh fair in 1988 recorded the maximum crowd of 15 Million people, who assembled to take a dip in a single day. One can also enjoy a boat ride in the river.

Hanuman Garhi

Basically a cave temple, Hanuman Grahi is dedicated to Lord Hanuman. The temple is one of the most popular religious shrines in Ayodhya and is also visited for its impressive structure and wonderful architectural skills. After reaching the temple by a flight of 76 steps, one finds a statue of Goddess Anjana (Hanuman's mother), with Bal Hanuman seated on her lap. People believe that it is the same place where Lord Hanuman lived and guarded Ramkot or Janmabhoomi. The land for the temple was donated by the Nawab of Avadh. And when the temple was constructed around the middle of the 10th century, it was designed in the shape of a four sided fort with circular bastions at each corner.


Jain Shrines Ayodhya

Along with Hinduism, Ayodhya is known for Jain religious values also. It is known as the birth place for five Jain Tirthankarswho preached the Jain religious values. The major Jain shrines or temples in Ayodhya are:
-Ratanpuri (to the west of Ayodhya, near Ronahi. Birth place of Lord Dharamnath)
-Swargdwar (associated with the memories of the first Tirthankara, Lord Vrishabhnath. He is also revered as Adinath, Purdev and Adi-Brahma.)
-Baksaria Tola (Birth place of Lord Ajitnath)
-Ramkot Muhalla Rajghat (Birth place of Lord Abhinandan Nath. Also the birth place of Lord Anantnath)
-Raiganj (known for the Digambar Jain Temple and giant idol of Lord Vrishabhdev)

The shrines host all the Jain festivals and holy occasions and draw thousands of devotees and tourists from all over the world.


Kanak Bhawan

The word 'Kanak Bhawan' literally means - House of Gold in Hindi/Sanskrit. Situated near Hanuman Garhi, Kanak Bhawan Temple is known for the beautiful idols of Lord Rama and Goddess Sita, wearing gold crowns. The idols are decorated with heavy gold ornaments. According to legends, the temple was built by Lord Rama's stepmother, Rani Kaikeyi for Sita. Contrary to this, local people say that it was constructed by Rani Krishnabhanu Kunwari of Orccha in 1891.


Nageshwarnath Temple

Situated amidst numerous 'Matths' and 'Akhadas', the Nageshwarnath Temple (Shiva Temple) is one of the most frequented temples in Ayodhya. It was the temple that helped Vikramaditya to locate Ayodhya and the sites of several other shrines here. The temple, famous for its designs and wonderful architecture of the Surya dynasty, is believed to have been built by Raja Kush, the younger son of Lord Rama. As the story goes, Raja Kush once lost his armlet while bathing in River Saryu. The armlet was picked up by a Nag-Kanya (Snake-damsel) who fell in love with him. As the Nag-Kanya was a devotee of Lord Shiva, Kush erected this temple for her. The temple attracts thousands of people during  the festival of Shivaratri, which is celebrated with great zeal.


Ramkot

Situated on the western part of Ayodhya, Ramkot Citadel is one of the most frequented religious sites. People believe that the fort of Lord Rama once existed on this site and Hunuman used to guard this citadel from a secret cave (Hanuman Garhi of the present day). Ram Navmi, the birthday of Lord Rama, in the Hindu month of Chaitra (March-April), is celebrated with full vigor and enthusiasm at Ramkot.


The nearest airports from Ayodhya are Amausi in Lucknow (134 km) and Babatpur in Varanasi (209 km). Besides, the city is situated on the Northern Railway line on the Mughal Sarai-Lucknow route. It is also connected to Lucknow (134 km), Gorakhpur (132 km), Jhansi (441 km), Allahabad (166 km), Sravasti (109 km), Varanasi (209 km) and Gonda (51 km) via road.

Vrindavan Attractions


The temple city attracts a number of pilgrims during festivals like Janmashtami, Holi and Radhashtami.


Govind Dev Temple

One of the most impressive temples of Vrindavan, the Govind Dev Temple was built by Raja Man Singh of Amber in 1590. It exhibits various paintings based on the themes of the relationship between Lord Krishna and Radha.


Rangaji Temple

Built in 1851, Rangaji Temple depicts a mixture of Rajput, South Indian and Italian style of architecture. One can enjoy the electronic puppet shows at the entrance, narrating stories of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.


Shree Banke-Bihari Temple

Built in 1864, it is one of the most popular shrines at Vrindavan. The image of Shri Banke-Bihari was discovered in Nidhi Vana by Swami Haridas, the great Krishna devotee of the Nimbarka sect.


Madan Mohan Temple

Madan Mohan Temple is the oldest existing temple in Vrindavan. Built by Kapur Ram Das of Multan, the temple is closely associated with the saint Chaitanya. Today, the temple has a replica of the image of Lord Madan Gopal. The original idol of Lord Madan Gopal was shifted to Karauli in Rajasthan for safe keeping, during the rule of Aurangzeb.


Radha Vallabh Temple

This famous temple was established by the Radha-Vallabh sect. It has the crown of Radha-Rani placed next to the idol of Shri Krishna.


Besides the above, the Krishna Balaram Temple (dedicated to ISKON sect's founder Swami Prabhupada), Jugal Kisore Temple, Radharamana Temple, Jaipur Temple and the Shahji Temple are among the most popular Hindu temples in Vrindavan.

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